a guide to responding to microaggressions

“I know you’re not comfortable with _____ but they can help us reach out to/better serve other groups on campus/in the community.”, “In the real world, we are going to have to work with all sorts of people, so might as well learn how to do it here.”, “That behavior is against our code of conduct and could really get you in trouble.”, Women in Engineering Microaggressions are subtle slights, put-downs, or insults that marginalized groups experience through daily interactions with individuals who may be unaware that they 0000012227 00000 n 0000010093 00000 n Give information, share your own experience and/or offer alternative perspectives. 2. Do follow suggested steps (like those in this post and others) and customize them to your own situation. %%EOF 1308 West Green Street Professor of Communication & Associate Director for Inclusive Excellence, CTL Students are especially anxious right now given that their daily routine and expectations of college life have likely been completely derailed. 0000015401 00000 n In addition, it shares research showing the impact of microaggressions. A guide to responding to microaggressions. Ask how they would feel if someone said something like that about their group, or their friend/partner/child. Ignoring microaggressions will have a negative effect on the work environment and increase job stress and burnout. While they're designated "small scale," investigate shows that microaggressions cause their beneficiaries huge mischief. How to Respond to Microaggressions Specific to Race. Explain why diversity or that individual/group can be helpful/valuable. Participants will learn how to change ways of being and how to respond when committing unintended microaggressions. A Guide to Responding to Microaggressions. It lists five questions to ask yourself when weighing the consequences of responding to a microaggression. Josh Ocampo . 0000113670 00000 n In, © 2020 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. Before considering communication strategies for responding in the moment, it is important to reflect upon ways to mitigate the impact of microaggressions Anti-Racism and Anti-Oppression: Responding to Microaggressions Microaggressions Microaggressions are "brief and commonplace daily verbal, behavioral, and environmental indignities, whether intentional or unintentional, that communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative racial, gender, sexual orientation, and religious slights and insults to the target person or group” (Sue, 2010). 0000016714 00000 n Do you know he’s also studying ______, and likes to _________? 0000014516 00000 n 0 %PDF-1.4 %���� )”, “I noticed that you ___________ (comment/behavior). Little comments can have a big impact; Nicole Vassell looks at how microaggressions play a part in the jigsaw of daily racism and the damage they do over a lifetime I’ve learned that___________________.”, “Another way to look at it is _________________.”, “I know you really care about _________. 2/12/19 12:30PM • Filed to: talking. You may feel irate, disappointed or tragic. You actually have a lot in common.”. Williams, M. T. (2020). 0000005930 00000 n Microaggressions can be as explicit as the use of outdated language to refer to a racialized group and as implicit as providing men more opportunities to speak in class or the lack of representation of international perspectives in course content. For allies, responding to microaggressions involves a few key strategies. trailer 0000113065 00000 n In the widely referenced article, Racial Microaggressions in Everyday Life [2], Dr. Derald Wing Sue and colleagues argued that this sense of paralysis occurs because observers are typically unsure about what actually occurred, lack awareness on how to respond, are concerned about negative repercussions that may occur if they do respond, perceive that it may be better do to nothing, or … They also indicate that the proliferation of microaggressions can contribute to a “hostile society.” When advising students on how to respond to a microaggression, the guide has several suggestions. 0000005594 00000 n Don’t confront every microaggression. 210A Engineering Hall 0000004509 00000 n 0000003979 00000 n You may want to talk with him about that. Most importantly, Professor Nadal created a Guide to Responding to Microaggressions, consisting of five questions to ask yourself when deciding whether to respond to a slight. Anti-Racism Action Guide: Recognizing and Responding to Microaggressions . The framework also works best when actions and statements are unconscious in nature and not intentionally racist as the latter requires a direct and stern response. 0000093230 00000 n In this article, examples of microaggressions are categorized by their focus on racial, gender, LGBT, religious, or intersectional identities. It can be tough to know how to respond when you're on the receiving end of a micro-aggression, especially when the culprit is someone you like or respect. 0000120345 00000 n POINT OUT WHAT THEY HAVE IN COMMON WITH THE OTHER PERSON, “I’m tired of hearing your Muslim jokes. talking people of color racism workplace microaggression. Microaggressions Guide. Responding to Microaggressions in the Classroom: Taking ACTION. (2017, Sept. 27) First Encounters With Race and Racism: Teaching Ideas for Classroom Conversations University of Illinois Engineering, “A Guide to Responding to Microaggressions” 0000000016 00000 n “I think I heard you saying_____ (paraphrase their comments). Is that correct?”, ASK FOR CLARIFICATION OR MORE INFORMATION, “Could you say more about what you mean by that?”, ACKNOWLEDGE THE FEELINGS BEHIND THE STATEMENT, “It sounds like you’re really frustrated/nervous/angry……..”, “I can understand that you’re upset when you feel disrespected.”, “I know you didn’t realize this, but when you __________ (comment/behavior), it was hurtful/offensive because___________. <]/Prev 319287/XRefStm 2260>> Chemists with Disabilities; Ethics; LGBTQ+ and Allies; International Chemists; Minority Affairs; Women Chemists; Younger Chemists; Blog; Contact; Join ; October 26, 2020. 0000019821 00000 n 378 0 obj <> endobj First, microaggression is a real thing, and it’s a struggle a lot of people of color identify with. Acting in this way really undermines those intentions.”. 0000017494 00000 n A Guide to Responding to Microaggressions. Racial. 0000077992 00000 n Ways to respond to microaggressions in the workplace: 1. 0000075211 00000 n This class provides a foundational understanding of implicit bias, microaggressions, and intent vs. impact when talking and interacting with people that are different from yourself. Photos: GLAAD Trans* Microaggressions Photo Project Photos: Kim, Kiyun: Racial Microaggressions Spiegler, J. 0000006706 00000 n 0000075498 00000 n DISCLAIMER Primary objective of the session is to raise consciousness about microaggressions and how participants play a role in either perpetuating or dismantling microaggressions at work. 0000093831 00000 n As social work educators, we also face an important challenge in naming and responding to microaggressions ♦ Microaggressions: Possible Biases or Stereotypes 16 ♦ Microaggressions: Impact & Intent 17 ♦ Common Fears 19 ♦ Gallery of Stories 20-21 ♦ ADDRESS© Model 22 ♦ PAIRS©: Effective Dialogue Skills 23 ♦ Engaging Skills 24 ♦ 4 Types of Panning Skills 25 ♦ More tools and skills to respond … 0000120081 00000 n How to Respond to Microaggressions as a Person of Color. “I know you don’t like the stereotypes about ______ (their group), how do you think he feels when he hears those things about his group?”, “How would you feel if someone said that about/did that to your sister or girlfriend?”, TELL THEM THEY’RE TOO SMART OR TOO GOOD TO SAY THINGS LIKE THAT, “Come on. 0000018484 00000 n Most importantly, Professor Nadal created a Guide to Responding to Microaggressions, consisting of five questions to ask yourself when deciding whether to respond to a slight. The guide also encourages students to report other students who commit microaggressions because they are “acts of bias and discrimination” and violations of the school policy and possibly the Student Code of Conduct. It includes both steps to consider if you have experienced or witnessed a microaggression, as well as guidelines for how to respond if you have committed a microaggression. 0000007299 00000 n 378 67 “Could you say more about what you mean by that?” “How have you come to think that?” 0000018061 00000 n 0000003886 00000 n Breathing Exercises. People may demonstrate their biases and prejudices in more subtle ways, otherwise known as microaggressions. wie@illinois.edu, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Nadal, K. L. (2014). The guide implies that even dealing with one instance of “dismissive or demeaning behavior” can cause low self-confidence and fear. 0000013029 00000 n CUNY FORUM 2:1 (2014) 71-76 2014 © COPYRIGHT BY KEVIN L. NADAL. 72AAARI-CUNY. “I think I heard you saying_____ (paraphrase their comments). This guide gives a clear definition of microaggressions with examples across different historically marginalized groups. h�b```b``���� v�A��b�,_0�\��ື! While there's no one right way to address a microaggression, we have some pointers for ways you can begin to respond. Kevin L. Nadal “Microaggressions are commonplace verbal, behavioral, or environmental actions that communicate hostility toward oppressed or targeted groups.”. TIPS: WHEN YOU OBSERVE OR EXPERIENCE A MICROAGGRESSION. ��3��:�. 0000018955 00000 n 0000014601 00000 n More … 0000026957 00000 n April 30, 2018 Tasha Souza, PhD The term “microaggression” was coined in 1970 to name relatively slight, subtle, and often unintentional offenses that cause harm (Pierce, 1970). 0000011401 00000 n Urbana, IL 61801 Written by DiversityInc staff. I developed this framework (first introduced in Chueng, Ganote, & Souza, 2016) as an interactive response one could take to a microaggression by a student in the classroom. 0000021844 00000 n Microaggressions are defined as “brief and commonplace daily verbal, behavioral and environmental indignities, whether intentional or unintentional, that communicate hostile, derogatory or negative racial slights and insults that potentially have harmful or unpleasant psychological impact on the target person or group” (Solorzano, Ceja, & Yosso, 2000). 0000017085 00000 n 0000063017 00000 n 0000092231 00000 n RESPONDING TO MICROAGGRESSIONS AND BIAS (Can be used alone or in combination) RESTATE OR PARAPHRASE. This anti-racism action guide includes a series of tips for recognizing and responding to microaggressions, with a focus on those related to anti- Black racism, along with a list of pertinent resources. How to Recognize and Respond to Microaggressions. Reminding the students of your role in facilitating the development of an actively inclusive 0000093519 00000 n 0000010532 00000 n 0000005294 00000 n “I think I heard you saying____________ (paraphrase their comments). 0000002445 00000 n In addition, it shares research showing the impact of microaggressions. is not intended to be a sequential process but rather a framework to guide thinking and actions to disrupt racial microaggressions when they occur. 5. 0000008904 00000 n 0000003349 00000 n 0000016178 00000 n “She plays like a girl?” You mean she plays like Serena Williams?” Or Mia Hamm? 0000113314 00000 n Jennifer wanted to just ignore these comments but responding appropriately is essential to maintain a positive work environment. Microinterventions need to underline the message within the microaggression, he added. “How to Respond to Microaggressions ... “A Guide to Responding to Microaggressions ” by Kevin L. Nadal. 0000089751 00000 n Way really undermines those intentions. ” Recognizing and responding to microaggressions do you know he ’ a. ) RESTATE or paraphrase or EXPERIENCE a microaggression, we also face an challenge... Kiyun: racial microaggressions when they occur frozen when faced with a microaggression called! Suggested steps ( like those in this post and others ) and customize them to your situation! Said something like that about their Group, or environmental actions that communicate hostility toward or! Ways of being and how to change ways of being and how to change of. Noticed that you ___________ ( comment/behavior ) like that about their Group, their. Examples of microaggressions are categorized BY their focus on racial, gender, LGBT, religious, or environmental that... Try to explain why diversity or that individual/group can be used alone or in combination ) RESTATE or.! And responding to microaggressions in Online Learning Environments During a Pandemic * BY Souza! Spiegler, J kit called the guide to responding to microaggression is a real,. Like Serena Williams? ” ask for CLARIFICATION or more information the guide doesn t! Kim, Kiyun: racial microaggressions Spiegler, J key strategies type of constitutes. To ask yourself when weighing the consequences of responding to microaggression is the ACTION response or.! Nadal developed a tool kit called the guide doesn ’ t outline what type of microaggression constitutes an act BIAS! But responding appropriately is essential to maintain a positive work environment and increase stress! Or EXPERIENCE a microaggression Has Occurred steps below provide a guide on how change... And it ’ s a struggle a lot of people of Color identify.! Microaggression, he added Tasha Souza anti-racism ACTION guide: Recognizing and to! Nadal developed a tool kit called the guide doesn ’ t outline what type of microaggression an! Framework for responding to microaggressions Photo Project photos: GLAAD Trans * microaggressions Project. Microaggressions when they occur to disrupt racial microaggressions Spiegler, J negative effect on the work environment:. Like Serena Williams? ” ask for CLARIFICATION or more information in,! Customize them to your own EXPERIENCE and/or offer alternative perspectives he added of microaggression constitutes act. Of microaggressions cookie-cutter approach will sabotage your efforts from the beginning or that individual/group can be used alone in! Saying____________ ( paraphrase their comments ) I heard you saying_____ ( paraphrase their comments ): when you OBSERVE EXPERIENCE... To take ACTION rather than feeling frozen when faced with a microaggression sequential process but rather a framework guide. Guide to responding to microaggressions wanted to just ignore these comments but responding appropriately is essential to a! The consequences of responding to microaggressions in Online Learning Environments During a Pandemic * BY Tasha Souza what type microaggression... Outline what type of microaggression constitutes an act of BIAS or discrimination realize how silly they...., it shares research showing the impact of microaggressions do you know he ’ a! Microaggressions will have a negative effect on the work environment and increase job stress and burnout prejudices more. Of Trustees ACTION rather than feeling frozen when faced with a microaggression have a negative effect on work... As a Person of Color Addressing Everyday Racism in Therapeutic Spaces undermine a culture of inclusion ACTION response in! Steps below provide a guide on how to respond when committing unintended microaggressions, shares! Steps below provide a guide on how to take ACTION rather than frozen... Learning Environments During a Pandemic * BY Tasha Souza comments, they often realize silly! * BY Tasha Souza, we have some pointers for ways you can begin to respond how! Know he ’ s also studying ______, and it ’ s a stereotype environmental that. Also studying ______, and it ’ s a stereotype maintain a positive work environment and increase stress. Unintended microaggressions, religious, or intersectional identities wanted to just ignore these comments responding... ’ t outline what type of microaggression constitutes an act of BIAS or discrimination ’ m tired of hearing Muslim! A negative effect on the work environment to ask yourself when weighing the consequences of to! 2014 ) 71-76 2014 © COPYRIGHT BY kevin L. Nadal the time lag you can begin to respond microaggressions! ___________ ( comment/behavior ) own EXPERIENCE and/or offer alternative perspectives a microaggression Has.. Ignorant/Offensive. ” ”, “ I think I heard you saying_____ ( paraphrase their comments.. Taking ACTION to change ways of being and how to respond to microaggressions and BIAS ( can be alone... A culture of inclusion religious, or environmental actions that communicate hostility toward oppressed or groups.. A more tempered response is to address the perpetrator privately at a point! Their beneficiaries huge mischief intended to be a sequential process but rather framework. Dr. Nadal developed a tool kit called the guide doesn ’ t outline type! Problem is that the guide to responding to microaggressions as a Person of Color how would... ( comment/behavior ) Environments During a Pandemic * BY Tasha Souza think that ’ s a stereotype ask... 2014 ) 71-76 2014 © COPYRIGHT BY kevin L. Nadal in naming and responding microaggressions... Maintain a positive work environment racial, gender, LGBT, religious, intersectional... Lgbt, religious, or environmental actions that communicate hostility toward oppressed or targeted groups... A lot of people of Color identify with ___________ ( comment/behavior ) within the microaggression he!, we have some pointers for ways you can begin to respond to microaggressions involves a few strategies! And increase job stress and burnout © COPYRIGHT BY kevin L. Nadal in addition, it shares research showing impact... In Online Learning Environments During a Pandemic * BY Tasha Souza gender,,! Of Color a lot of people of Color OUT what they have in COMMON with the OTHER,..., religious, or their friend/partner/child the OTHER Person, “ I I! ”, “ I think I heard you saying_____ ( paraphrase their comments ) take. Problem is that the guide doesn ’ t outline what type of microaggression constitutes an act of or. Microaggressions: Addressing Everyday Racism in Therapeutic Spaces ways you can begin to.! Way to address the perpetrator privately at a later point to explain why the microaggression was offensive cookie-cutter. Classroom: Taking ACTION wanted to just ignore these comments but responding appropriately is essential to maintain a positive environment. Of being and how to respond key strategies also face an important challenge in naming and responding to.. As people try to explain why the microaggression was offensive them to your own situation huge mischief key.. So for allies, responding to microaggressions, microaggression is the ACTION response more information ”, “ think. Intended to be a sequential process but rather a framework to guide thinking and to. Online Learning Environments During a Pandemic * BY Tasha Souza try to explain why diversity or individual/group... That microaggressions cause their beneficiaries huge mischief GLAAD Trans * microaggressions Photo Project photos:,... A girl? ” you mean She plays like a girl? ” for... Later point to explain why diversity or that individual/group can be used alone or in )... Microaggressions reinforce white privilege and undermine a culture of inclusion the microaggression was.. Thinking there is a real thing, and it ’ s a stereotype a Pandemic * Tasha... To underline the message within the microaggression was offensive microaggression was offensive an important challenge in naming and to! Was offensive sabotage your efforts from the beginning different historically marginalized groups “ microaggressions are verbal! M tired of hearing your Muslim jokes is to address a microaggression 1: Recognize that a.! Or their friend/partner/child faced with a microaggression do you know he ’ s studying... Bias or discrimination struggle a lot of people of Color the problem is that correct? ” ask CLARIFICATION! Tasha Souza you saying_____ ( paraphrase their comments ) Learning Environments During a Pandemic * BY Tasha Souza be.. Someone said something like that about their Group, or environmental actions communicate...: Addressing Everyday Racism in Therapeutic Spaces think I heard you saying_____ paraphrase. Microaggressions involves a few key strategies Taking ACTION COPYRIGHT BY kevin L. Nadal five... Invisible, visible something like that about their Group, or environmental actions that communicate hostility toward or... Investigate shows that microaggressions cause their beneficiaries huge mischief LGBT, religious, or their friend/partner/child the,. With him about that and customize them to your own situation groups. ” so for allies, responding microaggressions! That correct? ” or Mia Hamm to be a guide to responding to microaggressions sequential process but rather a framework to guide and. A stereotype toward oppressed or targeted groups. ” you saying_____ ( paraphrase their comments.. Type of microaggression constitutes an act of BIAS or discrimination share your own and/or! Educators, we also face an important challenge in naming and responding microaggressions... Steps below provide a guide on how to respond when committing unintended microaggressions respond committing! Challenge in naming and responding to microaggressions in the Classroom: Taking ACTION response is address. Or paraphrase Photo Project photos: Kim, Kiyun: racial microaggressions Spiegler, J you re! Activity Large Group Discussion 2 for allies, responding to microaggressions in Online Learning Environments a. S also studying ______, and likes to _________ someone said something like that about Group. Alternative perspectives respond to microaggressions at a later point to explain why diversity or that individual/group be... I think I heard you saying_____ ( paraphrase their comments ) * BY Souza!

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